The Best Home and Office Printers of 2017
Old printer on the fritz? We researched over 100 models before putting 12 of the best through 120 hours of testing. With so many home office printers vying for consumers' attention, it can often be easier, and less confusing, to just pick one and hope for the best. We spent weeks printing word documents, power point presentations, and photos, analyzing ink usage and cost, and testing wireless connectivity so that we could cut through the confusion. Our testing results will point you towards the best models for your situations, whether you just need something simple laser for the occasional last minute school report, or a graphics ready inkjet that can handle all the needs of your small office.
Read the full review below >
Test Results and Ratings
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Analysis and Award Winners
Updated May 2017
We've kept our eye on new happenings in the printer market and the HP Color LaserJet Pro MFP M277dw is still our top recommendation for those looking for a top notch printer for a small office. If you're looking for a budget option we still recommend the Brother HL-L2340DW if you want the crisp text of a laser, or the Epson Expression Premium XP-640 if you want the versatility of an Inkjet.
Best Overall Printer
HP Color LaserJet Pro MFP M277dw
The HP Color LaserJet Pro MFP M277dw combines the best of both worlds. It provides the crystal clear text of a laser printer, yet was still able to produce graphics that were on par with the best inkjet models we tested. If you print a lot of reports with mixed text and graphics, this is the machine for you. The M277dw is also a fully fledged multifunction device that can scan, fax, copy, and has an automatic document feeder for dealing with long documents. What set it apart from the rest of the field was its touchscreen control panel, which provided a clear, intuitive interface and was a great troubleshooting platform when the need arose. The only downside is its relatively high printing costs, but if you don't mind paying a bit extra for performance, the M277dw will serve you well.
Great text and graphics quality
Can be expensive
Relatively slow for a laser
Read full review: HP Color LaserJet Pro MFP M277dw
Best Laser Printer for a tight Budget
The Brother HL-L2340DW is a similar machine to the HP LaserJet Pro M402n, but does not embrace minimalism to the same degree. Both models are monochrome lasers, but unlike its HP sibling the HL-L2340DW does include wifi connectivity. This feature is great when it works, but when it doesn't troubleshooting is difficult on the HL-L2340DW's tiny display. Also, the HL-L2340DW lags slightly behind the HP M402n in text quality and printing speed, so it doesn't have quite the same 'super specialized text printing ninja' feel. However, at about half the price of the HP M402n, and with slightly cheaper toner costs, the Brother HL-L2340DW does represent a great value. So if you're on a tight budget, or only print text and want to spend as little as possible, the HL-L2340DW has you covered.
Low operating costs
Read full review: Brother HL-L2340DW
Best Inkjet Printer for a tight Budget
Epson Expression Premium XP-640
The Epson Expression Premium XP-640 is one of the most inexpensive ways to get all the versatility of inkjet printer along with the scanning and copying abilities of an all-in-one. It was an average performer in all of our printing tests and can produce text, graphics, and photos that will be more than adequate for most applications. Its inks costs are on the more expensive side, so if you print a lot you'd be better off making some sacrifices in photo quality and getting the Brother HL-L2340DW. However, if you only print occasionally and want the option of printed both clear text and decent photos, then the small initial prince of the Epson Expression make it a great and budget friendly choice.
Low initial cost
Good text, graphics, and photos
High operating costs
Read full review: Epson Expression Premium XP-640
Best Option for Basic Printing
HP LaserJet Pro M402n
The HP LaserJet Pro M402n picked up our top Pick for Basic Printing award for one reason: simplicity. This is a pared down, streamlined, no frills machine that has just enough to get the job done and jettisons any extraneous features that might complicate the process. It is the only model we tested that does not include wifi connectivity, you must physically connect with a USB cable. This limits your printing options, but proved to be much more reliable than more elaborate models. The M402n is the only model that presented zero connectivity issues throughout our testing. The monochrome laser technology is able to fire up right away, even after periods of inactivity, and produce top notch text with ease. To boot, the M402n had one of the lowest lifetime ownership costs that we calculated, and was the fastest model we tested. The M402n can sit happily idle and then dependably spring to action for the odd emergency print job, or can be the unstoppable workhorse that will constantly spit out text pages at a lightning fast rate. Those who are spartan at heart look no further, this machine will satisfy your everything you need and nothing you don't sensibility.
Excellent text quality and speed
Read full review: HP LaserJet Pro M402n
top Pick for a Single Function Printer
HP LaserJet Pro M252dw
The HP Laserjet Pro M252dw is essentially the same model as the Editors' Choice Award winning HP Color LaserJet Pro MFP M277dw, but without the added scanner/copier/faxer. It still offers field leading text quality, good graphics, and an intuitive touchscreen control panel. Plus it lists for $130 less than its multifunction sibling. If you want top notch quality but already have or don't need a scanner then this is the machine for you.
Great text and graphics quality
Relatively slow for a laser
Read full review: HP Laserjet Pro M252dw
Analysis and test Results
Ahhh the infamous printer. Let's be honest, no one really likes them. In general, they tend to be disproportionately anger inducing. In fact, one of the most relevant films of our time has a plot that is almost completely driven by printer and stapler related frustrations. Nobody buys a printer because they want to, they buy one because their frequent trips to the local Staples or library have become too frequent to be considered efficient, and they need a print at home option. This purchase is not driven by excitement or desire, but by the cold, callous logic of a cost-benefit analysis.
You've probably come to this review thinking, "this is the age of unlimited information and boundless technological advancement, surely with enough research I can find a model that is a pleasure to use, and that will free me from this purgatory of paper jams and error messages!" Unfortunately, we won't be able to help you find that ideal model. Not because we don't want to, trust us, we want to find that unicorn just as much as you do, but because it doesn't exist. What we can do is lead you to the model that will cause the least amount of irritation, and require the lowest dosage of high blood pressure medication, for your intended use. We can do this because we've already purchased 10 of the most popular models, spent weeks fighting all of the metaphorical dragons they could throw at us, and have figured out which ones were the easiest to slay.
Our overall scores are based on scores from five testing metrics. We ran a number of different tests to determine the scores for each testing metric. The sections below discuss each model's performance in those individual tests. We did not score all-in-one devices on the performance of their scanning/copying/faxing functions. Across the board we found these built-in scanners and document feeders to perform adequately, but not quite as well as a dedicated device. For more on the ins and outs of all-in-ones check out our buying advice article.
In most cases text will make up the vast majority of printed documents, whether they be long reports, official forms, or airline tickets. If you're anything like some of our testers you may print out things that most people would simply write out by hand, solely because the quality of your handwriting hasn't progressed since the 3rd grade. Consequently, being able to reliably create crisp, legible text is the most important attribute to look for in a printer. In our testing we used each model to print many documents of varying lengths in a multitude of font styles and sizes. We then looked for how clean the edges of letters were, how high of a resolution the text was rendered, and whether characters looked dark and full or light and faded. Not only did we look for these things, we looked for them under a microscope (for more on our testing procedure, see our how we test article). Have you ever been kept awake at night wondering whether bold, italicized, size 15 calibri font would look better when printed on an inkjet or a laser? Well, get ready for the best sleep of your life, because we can lay that one to rest for you.
We saw widely varying text quality in our printing test, with scores ranging from 3 to 9 out of 10. Four separate models received the top score of 9: the Brother MFC-9130CW, HP LaserJet Pro M402n, the Editors' Choice Award winning HP Color LaserJet Pro MFP M277dw, and its single function sibling, the HP Laserjet Pro M252dw. All of these models produced near perfect borders on characters, creating very crisp text. The only reason we didn't award a rare perfect 10 to any of them was because, when viewed under the microscope, they all left some areas looking slightly dull, especially when printing italics at a small font. This really is a minor issue. You can count on any one of these models to produce outstanding text. You may have noticed that all of these models are lasers. We found that lasers, in general, produce better quality text than inkjets.
Very few models could come close to the three leaders in our text quality test. The Brother HL-L2340DW came the closest with a score of 7. It produces great looking text, but was knocked out of the top tier because it occasionally left small blotches that made the edges of characters look less crisp. Next up were the Epson Expression Premium XP-640 and the Brother HL-L8350CDW, both of which scored a 6. The Epson Expression performed similarly with bold characters that had jagged, blurry edges. The Brother HL-L8350CDW rendered very crisp edges when printing text, but the interior of the characters was noticeably inconsistent and splotchy.
Both the Brother MFC-L2740DW and the Canon PIXMA MX922 were able to stay out of the text quality basement with a score of 5. The Brother MFC-L2740DW didn't have any glaring issues, but there were enough white blots within characters to make the edges look somewhat blurry and smaller fonts look faded. The Canon PIXMA MX922 produced rich, dark text, but the edges of characters were significantly more blurry than the top scoring models. Also, it tended to create small blotches when printing in italics. These mid scoring models were all able to manufacture decent quality text. While not quite as good as the top scoring models, the text quality shortcomings of these models probably would not be noticed by most people.
At the back of the text quality pack were three models that all shared the low score of 3. Both the HP Envy 4520 and the HP Officejet Pro 8720 showed issues with small text and italics in our testing, with characters coming out very pixelated and wavy. Even larger fonts looked somewhat pixelated with jagged edges. The Canon ImageCLASS LBP151dw produced fairly crisp edges on characters, but the text came out looking incredibly light. It looked as though the LBP15dw was low on ink, even though it had a brand new cartridge. All of these low scoring models still produce legible text, but with enough noticeable deficiencies that one would assume it came from a cheap printer.
If you only print a few pages here and there you're not going to be able to beat the $0.10 per black and white page or $0.25 per color page rate offered at most print centers. However, if you print more frequently, or live far from a print center, investing in your own device can be more economical in the long run. Printing costs include the up front investment in purchasing the actual device, and the cost of replacement ink or toner cartridges. Often times cheaper models that seem like a great deal end up gobbling expensive ink and having higher costs in the long run. We evaluated cost in two ways. First we calculated how much it would cost to print a ream of paper in monochrome (and color, where applicable) for each model. We used this cost per ream figure because we feel most people probably have a good idea of how often they have to order a new ream of paper, so it is easy to use this figure to estimate your own costs over time. We also conducted a lifetime cost calculation. For this calculation we assumed an average operational life of three years, an average printing workload of 2500 pages per year, and an 80/20 split of monochrome/color pages for the models that could print in color. We made these assumptions based on research into average printer usage statistics and the patterns of our own usage.
When looking at our results you will probably notice that lasers print black and white at a slightly more expensive rate than inkjets. This is true in ideal circumstances: printing in a regular and consistent manner. However, the jets used in inkjets can often clog, requiring some sacrificial ink to be blasted through to clean everything out. This problem can be worse, and waste more ink to fix, if the printer lies dormant for long periods. Therefore, if you tend to print sporadically, lasers can not only be more reliable, but can often actually be more economical, than inkjets.
In our testing Brother proved to be one of the more economical manufacturers. The MFC-L2740DW, HL-L8350CDW, and the HL-L2340DW all received the highest score of 7 in our cost metric. The MFC-L2740DW had one of the lowest monochrome printing costs, clocking in at $0.03 per page or $12.92 a ream. It was also at the low end of our lifetime cost calculation at $494. The HL-L8350CDW had the cheapest monochrome printing at just above $0.01/page or $6.75/ream. It was one of the most economical color machines at $0.07/page or $36.86/ream. Lifetime costs were about average due to the high initial cost: $592 according to our calculation. The HL-L2340DW offered cheap monochrome printing at $0.03/page or $12.92/ream, and had the lowest calculated lifetime cost of $314.
Brother also manufacturers one of the first runners up to the leaders, the MFC-9130CW, which scored a 6 in our cost tests. It prints monochrome at the cheap rate of $0.02/page or $10.80/ream, but prints color at the somewhat expensive rate of $0.10/page or $51.43/ream. Its calculated lifetime cost was slightly higher as well, at $634. The HP Officejet Pro 8720 also scored a 6. Its monochrome printing costs were fairly low at $0.03 per page of $15/ream, and its was the most frugal color model printing at just $0.07/page or $34.92/ream. Its calculated life time cost was mid range at $583. Another HP, the LaserJet Pro M402n, also scored a 6. It pumps out monochrome pages at the reasonable rate of $0.03/page or $15.48/ream, and has a low calculated lifetime cost of $532. The Canon imageCLASS LBP151dw also scored a 6 in our cost testing. It printed monochrome at the reasonable rate of $0.03/page or $14.58/ream, and had the low calculated lifetime cost of $389.
Both the HP Laserjet Pro M252dw and the HP Color LaserJet Pro MFP M277dw earned a 5 out of 10 in this metric. These models both print monochrome at a fairly economical $0.03/page or $14.11/ream, but print color at the expensive rate of $0.11/page or $56.09/ream. The M277dw's higher initial cost gives it a high estimated lifetime cost of $768, compared to the M252dw's $643.
Next up was the Canon PIXMA MX922, which scored a 3. It had a fairly high monochrome cost of $0.05/page or $26.67/ream. Color printing was also relatively expensive at $0.10/page or $47.83/ream, and the calculated lifetime cost was high at $643. The Epson Expression Premium XP-640 also scored a 3. Black and white printing on this machine costs a slightly above average $0.05/page or $26/ream, and color is very expensive at $0.12/page or $61.67/ream. Estimated lifetime costs work out to an above average $635.
Bringing up the rear was the HP Envy 4520. It lures consumers with a low initial price, but has very high ink costs. Monochrome printing came out to the most expensive rate of $0.08/page or $39.47/ream. Color printing was also expensive at $0.11/page or $54.55/ream, and the calculated lifetime cost was a quite high $737.
Ease of Use
Printers are notoriously unpleasant. A quick google image search for 'paper jam meme' will reveal that almost every pop culture icon has been used to express the frustration inherent in trying to get these machines to put ink onto paper. You might be wondering why in this age of technological advancement we can't seem to produce a printer that is as easy to use and intuitive as a smartphone. The answer, for the most part, is cost. Printing technology involves a myriad of moving parts that must operate with great precision in order to render readable text and crisp images. That technology is not cheap, so in order to keep prices down very little is invested in research and development in things outside of actually printing, such as wifi connectivity bugs. In order to determine which models were the least rage inducing we connected each one to numerous different computers and mobile devices using multiple wifi networks and/or cables, and printed every type of document we could imagine. We also made a few calls to each manufacturer's tech support line to evaluate the quality of help you'll receive if, and possibly more accurately when, you run into a problem.
Before we jump into the ease of use scores we would just like to share the most salient observation that came out of our ease of use testing: wireless connectivity is unreliable. Every model we reviewed mysteriously disconnected from every wireless network we used at some point during testing. If you are using a wireless connection, no matter which model you buy, it is almost inevitable that the connection will randomly disappear at some point. You'll try all the obvious avenues to fix the problem, all to no avail, and then the connection will mysteriously reappear. It will be very frustrating. In short, we suggest always having an easily accessible USB cable connection ready to go in reserve, in case you don't have the time for troubleshooting.
Scores in our ease of use test ranged from 4 to 9 out of 10. As mentioned above, all of the wifi enabled models we tested had connectivity issues, so we didn't take this into account in our scoring. Think of these scores as relative rather than absolute, as we wouldn't call any of these models particularly pleasant to use, even the top scorers. That being said, we had two models that received the top score of 9, and both of them were HP. This is partially due to our good experiences with HP customer service. We called multiple times, were never on hold for more than 5 minutes, and the service representatives we spoke to were generally knowledgeable and helpful. The Editors' Choice Award winning HP LaserJet Pro MFP M277dw earned this top score due to its large, well designed touchscreen controls and easy setup process. Its single function sibling, the HP LaserJet Pro M252dw, shares the same controls and earned a top score for the same reason.
Two other HP models shared the first runner up spot with scores of 8 out of 10. The HP Envy 4520 and HP Officejet Pro 8720 both had similar designs and thus very similar ease of use attributes. Both of these models also have intuitive touchscreen displays that made it easy to toggle through various settings and functions. However, out of the box setup took just a bit longer than it did for the the top scoring models.
After the top scorers there was another pack of three models, all sharing a score of 7. The Brother MFC-9130CW and the Brother HL-L8350CDW both were easy to set up out of the box. The MFC-9130CW has a much nicer interface than the HL-L8350CDW, but this doesn't really matter as the HL-L8350CDW is a much simpler model and doesn't have any additional functions to program. These models missed out on the top score mostly because of our experience with Brother's customer service. We called the customer service line four times, were on hold for at least 15 minutes each time, and not once got off the phone feeling like our issue had been completely resolved. Obviously four phone calls doesn't cover all of Brother's customer service representatives. But if we failed to get useful assistance in four separate calls, there is a decent chance our readers would have a similar experience.
The Canon PIXMA MX922 also scored a 7. Its initial setup was seamless and even after multiple calls we were impressed with Canon's customer service. The only annoyance that kept it out of the top score is its print tray. It's really not so much of a tray, but just a single plastic arm that is less than two inches wide. This proved to be inadequate as every time we printed a document of more than ten pages we ended up with papers on the floor. The Epson Expression XP-640 was the only model to score a 6 in our ease of use testing. It has a large display that can be navigated with a set of arrow buttons. This is more cumbersome than a touchscreen but works fairly well. This model lost significant points because its setup process took us a full 35 minutes and required printing numerous test pages and then entering settings into the printer based on how those test pages looked.
Next up in our ease of use testing results were the Brother MFC-L2740DW and the HP LaserJet Pro M402n, both of which scored a 5. The Brother MFC-L2740DW ran through its initial setup easily, but we had some trouble connecting to wifi networks. It worked seamlessly once we reset the wifi network a couple of times, but this suggestion was not made in the manual or by customer service. It has a touch screen interface to control its many functions, but we felt it was a bit clunkier and less intuitive than those on the HP multifunction models. Despite receiving an average score the HP LaserJet Pro M402n was actually our testers' go to model when they needed to print something for reasons other than testing. This is because it's simple, no frills design reliably worked every time. However, it is the only model we tested that does not offer wireless connectivity. While we do suggest always having a USB connection handy for those times when things go awry, not offering any sort of wireless connectivity decreases the usefulness for those that do want to print untethered. It also has a very simple LCD interface with just three buttons. This isn't a huge problem as it is a very simple model, but could become an issue if you needed to troubleshoot.
At the bottom of our ease of use table were the Canon ImageCLASS LBP151dw and the Brother HL-L2340DW. Our testers found that setting up USB printing on the Canon ImageCLASS LBP151dw was a breeze, but setting up wireless printing was another matter. It required plugging into the printer with a USB cable, which seemed counterintuitive, and the included instructions were quite vague. We feel most people would end up calling customer service to set up this feature. Additionally, the ImageClass' interface is made up of only buttons and no screen, making troubleshooting difficult. In general the Brother HL-L2340DW was just slightly better. USB printing worked immediately. Wifi setup was straightforward, but took a while due to the HL-L2340DW's clunky interface. One tester equated typing wifi passwords with the handful of buttons and tiny LCD screen to trying to write a novel with an Etch A Sketch.
A common use of the models we tested would be printing documents with basic business graphics, such as pie charts and bar graphs. We printed multiple documents containing such graphics and evaluated their resolution and clarity. While we didn't test any models that specialize in photo printing, some users may want to include the occasional photo in their reports or letters, so we also printed some photos and assessed their quality.
The HP Envy 4520 and HP Officejet Pro 8720 performed better than all the other models in rendering photos and graphics, both picking up the top score of 7. Lines and shapes in graphs looked bold and high resolution on both models, even when viewed under our microscope. They also rendered true colors and high resolution when printing photos. These photos were of a noticeably lower quality than actual photo prints, but they are acceptable for printing the occasional article that includes photos. The HP Color LaserJet Pro MFP M277dw occupied the next spot with a score of 6. It mostly lost points in the photo category, with dark areas looking muddled and oversaturated and noticeable pixels when viewed under the microscope. It produced excellent business graphics. Charts had strong, bold colors and looked clean and crisp.
Both the Canon PIXMA MX922 and the Brother MFC-9130CW scored a 5 on our graphics and photos test. The PIXMA rendered reddish skin tones in photographs and showed slight but noticeable pixelation in both photos and simple graphics. The Brother MFC-9130CW showed similar pixelation in simple graphics and created horizontal streaks in photos, which were noticeable when examined closely. Rounding out the middle pack were two other Brother models, the MFC-L2740DW and the HL-L8350CDW, both of which scored a 4. Both of these models had very noticeable pixelation when printing photos, and displayed graininess when printing simple graphics. While none of these lower scorers produced illegible graphs, the quality was low enough that most people would take notice.
If you're only printing a few pages, then printing speed doesn't really matter. If you're printing a 100 page document, than the difference between 6 pages a minute and 25 pages a minute is going to be very noticeable. Most printer manufacturers advertise a pages per minute figure in their spec sheet. These numbers are usually based on ideal tests where a document that exactly jives with the printer's internal programming is used. This means the printer doesn't have to 'think' at all, it can just print. In our testing we used text and graphics (such as passages from Moby Dick) to calculate a more functional, real life printing speed. So don't go mad chasing the mythical white whale of manufacturer print speed statistics, our numbers are a much better estimation of the performance you will actually experience from each model. All of our printing speed tests were simplex (one sided) because some of the models we tested can only print simplex. Duplex (double sided) generally takes a little bit longer per page, because each sheet needs to be pulled back into the machine and run through a second time. Usually this sacrifice in speed is well worth the savings in paper.
The simple HP LaserJet Pro M402n proved to be a streamlined racehorse in our printing speed test. It spit out 25 text pages per minute, meaning you could print out a book while you're brewing your morning coffee (disclaimer: we're talking about making a proper cup of coffee, not cheating with pre-packaged plastic cups). This earned it the top score of 9. Closely following was the Canon ImageCLASS LBP151dw, which scored an 8. It pumped out 22 pages a minute in our speed trials. This is still a blistering pace, but would fall behind the HP M402n on the straight away. Picking up the bronze medal was the Brother MFC-L2740DW, which scored a 7 and was able to churn out 18 pages a minute. We're still in print-a-novel-before-the-coffee-is-ready territory, but it might have to be a shorter novel. Maybe the Alchemist, or something like that. After the three medal winners we had the Brother HL-L2340DW. It produced 16 pages a minute and scored a 6. We're starting to leave the novel before the coffee is ready range here. Maybe it could handle Of Mice and Men, but let's be honest, as great as it is it's more of a very long short story than a novel. The HP Color LaserJet Pro MFP M277dw and the Brother HL-L8350CDW also scored 6 in this metric. They printed 14 and 13 pages per minute, respectively.
Three separate models earned a 5 out of 10 in our speed testing. The HP OfficeJet Pro 8720, the Brother MFC-9130CW, and the HP LaserJet Pro M252dw all printed 11 pages per minute in our testing. This is solidly outside of the novel-before-breakfast territory, but will still be plenty fast for the majority of documents.
The two slowest models in our test were the HP Envy 4520, the Epson Expression XP-640, and the Canon PIXMA MX922. The Envy scored a 4 and was able to produce 8 pages a minute. The Epson XP-640 also scored a 4 and also printed 8 pages per minute. The PIXMA brought up the rear with a score of 3 and a speed of 6 pages a minute. These speeds aren't going to annoy you if you tend to only print a few pages at a time. However, if you're going to be printing War and Peace, brace yourself, because it's going to take some time. Even just the War and Peace cliff notes would keep you waiting for a while.
Every printer comes with at least a small dose of frustration, but by letting us do the dirty work you can make sure you get the smallest dose possible. We hope our testing results made clear which model you'd most like to have in your home.
— Max Mutter and Steven Tata
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